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<jats:p>A healthy diet is of particular concern throughout the life of women to avoid many chronic illnesses especially during their 30s to 50s. There are published data on dietary quality and its determinants among women, but there is a lack of similar data regarding women in Mauritius. This study aimed to investigate the association between age and dietary quality in relation to sociodemographic factors, physical activity level (PAL) and nutritional knowledge (NK). A survey-based study was conducted in 2012 among Indo-Mauritian women including 117 young (<mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" id="M1"><mml:mrow><mml:mn>21.35</mml:mn><mml:mo>±</mml:mo><mml:mn>1.98</mml:mn></mml:mrow></mml:math>), 160 reaching middle age (<mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" id="M2"><mml:mrow><mml:mn>34.02</mml:mn><mml:mo>±</mml:mo><mml:mn>5.09</mml:mn></mml:mrow></mml:math>) and 50 middle-aged (<mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" id="M3"><mml:mrow><mml:mn>37.85</mml:mn><mml:mo>±</mml:mo><mml:mn>8.32</mml:mn></mml:mrow></mml:math>). Validated questionnaires were used to elicit information on the determinants. A food frequency table consisting of 18 food items was used to assess dietary quality. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to determine the association between various factors and dietary quality. The mean dietary score of middle-aged women (<mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" id="M4"><mml:mrow><mml:mn>18.70</mml:mn><mml:mo>±</mml:mo><mml:mn>2.67</mml:mn></mml:mrow></mml:math>) was closer to recommended dietary guidelines compared to young women (<mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" id="M5"><mml:mrow><mml:mn>17.22</mml:mn><mml:mo>±</mml:mo><mml:mn>3.40</mml:mn></mml:mrow></mml:math>), and women reaching middle age (<mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" id="M6"><mml:mrow><mml:mn>17.55</mml:mn><mml:mo>±</mml:mo><mml:mn>3.29</mml:mn></mml:mrow></mml:math>). Educational level, PAL, NK, and age were main determinants of dietary quality among Indo-Mauritian women (<mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" id="M7"><mml:mrow><mml:mi>P</mml:mi><mml:mo>&lt;</mml:mo><mml:mn>0.05</mml:mn></mml:mrow></mml:math>). Younger women with low educational level, PAL, and NK are at risk of poor dietary quality.</jats:p>

Original publication

DOI

10.1155/2013/572132

Type

Journal article

Journal

Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism

Publisher

Hindawi Limited

Publication Date

2013

Volume

2013

Pages

1 - 9