A nutrient-wide association study for risk of prostate cancer in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition and the Netherlands Cohort Study.
Papadimitriou N., Muller D., van den Brandt PA., Geybels M., Patel CJ., Gunter MJ., Lopez DS., Key TJ., Perez-Cornago A., Ferrari P., Vineis P., Weiderpass E., Boeing H., Agudo A., Sánchez M-J., Overvad K., Kühn T., Fortner RT., Palli D., Drake I., Bjartell A., Santiuste C., Bueno-de-Mesquita BH., Krogh V., Tjønneland A., Lauritzen DF., Gurrea AB., Quirós JR., Stattin P., Trichopoulou A., Martimianaki G., Karakatsani A., Thysell E., Johansson I., Ricceri F., Tumino R., Larrañaga N., Khaw KT., Riboli E., Tzoulaki I., Tsilidis KK.
PURPOSE: The evidence from the literature regarding the association of dietary factors and risk of prostate cancer is inconclusive. METHODS: A nutrient-wide association study was conducted to systematically and comprehensively evaluate the associations between 92 foods or nutrients and risk of prostate cancer in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC). Cox proportional hazard regression models adjusted for total energy intake, smoking status, body mass index, physical activity, diabetes and education were used to estimate hazard ratios and 95% confidence intervals for standardized dietary intakes. As in genome-wide association studies, correction for multiple comparisons was applied using the false discovery rate (FDR