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BACKGROUND: The incidence of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) is increasing in rural India. The National Family Health Survey-5 (NFHS-5) provides estimates of the burden of NCDs and their risk factors in women aged 15-49 and men aged 15-54 years. The aim of this study is to estimate the prevalence of hypertension and body-mass index (BMI) in adults aged 35-70 years in rural India and to compare these estimates, where age ranges overlap, to routinely available data. METHODS: The Non-Communicable Disease in Rural India (NCDRI) Study was a cross-sectional household survey of 1005 women and 1025 men aged 35-70 conducted in Bihar in July 2019. Information was collected on personal characteristics, self-reported medical history and physical measurements (blood pressure, height and weight). Prevalence estimates for hypertension (systolic blood pressure ≥ 140 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure ≥ 90 mmHg, or diagnosed and treated for hypertension), and for underweight (body-mass index 

Original publication




Journal article


BMC Public Health

Publication Date





Hypertension, India National surveys, Non-communicable disease, Obesity, Adult, Body Mass Index, Cross-Sectional Studies, Female, Health Surveys, Humans, Hypertension, India, Male, Noncommunicable Diseases, Obesity, Overweight, Prevalence, Risk Factors, Rural Population