Lifestyle factors and serum androgens among 636 middle aged men from seven countries in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC).
Suzuki R., Allen NE., Appleby PN., Key TJ., Dossus L., Tjønneland A., Føns Johnsen N., Overvad K., Sacerdote C., Palli D., Krogh V., Tumino R., Rohrmann S., Linseisen J., Boeing H., Trichopoulou A., Makrygiannis G., Misirli G., Bueno-de-Mesquita HB., May AM., Díaz MJT., Sánchez M-J., Barricarte Gurrea A., Rodríguez Suárez L., Buckland G., Larrañaga N., Bingham S., Khaw K-T., Rinaldi S., Slimani N., Jenab M., Riboli E., Kaaks R.
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between lifestyle and dietary factors and serum concentrations of androgens in middle-aged healthy men. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of the association of lifestyle factors with circulating concentrations of androstenedione (A-dione), 3-alpha-androstanediol glucuronide (A-diol-g), testosterone (T), SHBG (sex hormone-binding globulin), and free testosterone (FT) among 636 men in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition. RESULTS: Compared with the youngest age group (40-49 years), the oldest (70-79 years) had a higher mean concentration of SHBG (by 44%) and lower mean concentrations of A-diol-g (by 29%) FT (19%). Men in the highest BMI group (> or =29.83 kg/m(2)) had a higher mean A-diol-g concentration (by 38%) and lower mean concentration of T (by 20%) SHBG (29%) compared with the lowest (<24.16 kg/m(2)). Current smokers had higher mean concentrations of T (by 13%), SHBG (14%), and A-dione (15%) compared with never smokers. Physical activity and dietary factors were not associated with androgen concentrations, although men in the highest fifth of alcohol intake had higher mean concentrations of A-dione (by 9%), FT (11%) compared with the lowest. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that age, body weight, smoking, and alcohol intake are associated with circulating androgen concentrations in men.