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BACKGROUND: Alcohol consumption has been associated with increased risks of certain site-specific cancers and decreased risks of some other cancers. There is, however, little reliable evidence as to whether the alcohol-associated risks for specific cancers are modified by smoking, body mass index (BMI) and menopausal hormone therapy (MHT) use. METHODS: In the prospective UK Million Women Study, 1,233,177 postmenopausal women without prior cancer, mean age 56 (SD 5) years, reported their alcohol consumption in median year 1998 (IQR 1998-1999), and were followed by record-linkage for incident cancer. 438,056 women who drank no alcohol or 

Original publication




Journal article


BMC Cancer

Publication Date





Alcohol, Cancer, Epidemiology, Female, Humans, Middle Aged, Body Mass Index, Carcinoma, Renal Cell, Incidence, Multiple Myeloma, Prospective Studies, Smoking, Thyroid Neoplasms, Alcohol Drinking, Pancreatic Neoplasms, Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin, Ethanol, Kidney Neoplasms, Esophageal Neoplasms, Menopause, Colorectal Neoplasms