The number of women who would need to be screened regularly by mammography to prevent one death from breast cancer depends strongly on several factors, including the age at which regular screening starts, the period over which it continues, and the duration of follow-up after screening. Furthermore, more women would need to be INVITED for screening than would need to be SCREENED to prevent one death, since not all women invited attend for screening or are screened regularly. Failure to consider these important factors accounts for many of the major discrepancies between different published estimates. The randomised evidence indicates that, in high income countries, around one breast cancer death would be prevented in the long term for every 400 women aged 50-70 years regularly screened over a ten-year period.

Original publication

DOI

10.1258/jms.2011.011134

Type

Journal article

Journal

J Med Screen

Publication Date

2011

Volume

18

Pages

210 - 212

Keywords

Aged, Breast Neoplasms, Developed Countries, Female, Great Britain, Humans, Mammography, Mass Screening, Middle Aged